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CentOS 5.5使用yum来安装LAMP(php运行环境)

2019-05-15服务器问题seo学习网114°c
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今天用yum方法搭建起了个LAMP环境,中间遇到了很多问题,经过google和各位前辈的帮助,终于将环境搭建起来,现在把完整的步骤记录下来, 1. 换源,sohu的相当好用。
1.1备份CentOS-Base.repo
cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
cp CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repo.bak
1.2替换源
用vi打开CentOS-Base.repo,并将内容清空,然后将下面的内容复制进去,并保存。
# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# This file uses a new mirrorlist system developed by Lance Davis for CentOS.
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client. You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates
baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
#packages used/produced in the build but not released
[addons]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Addons
baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/addons/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras
baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus
baseurl=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.sohu.com/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
1.3更新一下。
yum -y update
2. 用yum安装Apache,Mysql,PHP.
2.1安装Apache
yum install httpd httpd-devel
安装完成后,用/etc/init.d/httpd start 启动apache
设为开机启动:chkconfig httpd on
2.2 安装mysql
2.2.1 yum install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel
同样,完成后,用/etc/init.d/mysqld start 启动mysql
2.2.2 设置mysql密码
mysql>; USE mysql;
mysql>; UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('newpassword') WHERE user='root';
mysql>; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
2.2.3 允许远程登录
mysql -u root -p
Enter Password: <your new password>
mysql>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO '用户名'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '密码' WITH GRANT OPTION;
完成后就能用mysql-front远程管理mysql了。
2.2.4 设为开机启动
chkconfig mysqld on
3. 安装php
yum install php php-mysql php-common php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-devel php-xml
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